Immunological techniques

Immunological techniques contain both experimental procedures to study the immune system and approaches to form and usage immunological mixtures as experimental tools. The most collective immunological approaches relate to the assembly and use of antibodies to differentiate specific proteins in biological samples. Numerous laboratory methods exist that rely on the usage of antibodies to visualize modules of microorganisms or further cell types and to distinguish one cell or organism kind from alternative. Immunological methods are used to determine antibodies and antigens, Clarifying immunoglobulins, lymphokines and other molecules of the immune system, Isolating antigens and other substances significant in immunological progressions, Labelling antigens and antibodies, Localizing antigens and/or antibodies in tissues and cells, Spotting, and fractionating immunocompetent cells, Assaying for cellular immunity, Documenting cell-cell interactions, Initiating immunity and unresponsiveness, Transplanting tissues, Study items almost correspond to immunity like complement, reticuloendothelial system and others, Molecular techniques for studying immune cells and their receptors, Imaging of the system, Methods for production or their fragments in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.